Poultry

 

Beneficial micro-organisms, other than contributing to the production of good wine and cheese, are also invaluable help in your poultry farms.

EM.1 is transforming into a great tool for animal production due to its various effects as probiotics, antigens and a natural cleaner. In this same manner it can be applied in animal installations, in the treatment of residues and effluents, in drinking water for animals and in animal feed. The best results are however obtained by combining all the different uses mentioned. The following informs of the benefits of EM Technology™.

Use in Feed and Water

Management of Organic Waste

Installations cleaning and odor control

 

Use in Feed and Water

One of the simplest means of using the EM Technology™ is by mixing activated EM•1 in the water that is given to the birds.  If a water storage tank is used, EM•1 can be diluted within.

It’s important to note that EM•1 is not compatible with chlorine or silver sulphate that is generally used for water purification.  In such cases, if the water has been treated with these chemicals, EM•1 will not be effective as the beneficial micro-organisms will be eliminated by these substances.

Mode of Use and Considerations

•    1L of activated EM•1 to 2,000L of water.
•    Dilute activated EM•1 in tank and maintain such dilution manually or with a dosificator.
•    The water with activated EM should be renewed daily within the poultry farm.

Benefits

•    Improve microbiologically the quality of the water and enriches it with beneficial substances such as amino acids, vitamins and enzymes that better the digestibility and nutrient assimilation of the animals.
•    Eliminate undesirable odor from excrete.
•    Equilibrate the micro-flora within the intestines of the birds and consequently improve the feed conversion and weight gain due to increase in nutrient assimilation.
•    Reduce the production of methane within the stomach thereby consequently improves the animals eating habits.
•    Reduce the incidence of diarrhea

By means of simple spraying or fermentation of the food components of the birds, it is possible to improve the availability of nutrients that allows for a more efficient nutrition to the animals.  As a result, it is possible to:

•    Increase the weight gain with the same feed consumption up to 67g per day.
•    Reduce the mortality rate.
•    Improve bird health and quality of meat through the reduction of cholesterol (i.e up to 17%).
•    Produce heavier eggs ( +3.7%) with a much darker-colored yolk due to better carotene synthesis; a more consistent egg white due to improved synthesis of albumin and a harder shell due to better assimilation of calcium.
•    6.5% increase in size of eggs.

EM•1 can be used in two ways in animal feed:

1.    by direct fermentation of a feed source (Bokashi); or
2.    by direct aspersion over the concentrate or ration of the animal.

Mode of Use and Consideration

•    Supplemental feed:
1.    Direct aspersion:
a.    1 L of activated EM in 100L of clean non-chlorinated water.
b.    Spray the solution daily over the ration being supplied during the production cycle.
2.    Consumable anaerobic Bokashi:
a.    For the fermentation of livestock feed (Bokashi), use 0.5L to 1L of activated EM per 100kg of concentrate or whichever component being fed to the animals (e.g. rice meal, corn meal, soy bean meal, flour meal, etc.).  Once the Bokashi is made, use it daily at a dosage of 1% to 3% of the total feed being offered to the animal.

Methodology in making Anaerobic Bokashi:

-Distribute the selected material over a compact and clean surface (preferably plastic or cement floor).
-Spray activated EM•1 over the feed material and mix will. If the waster used in spraying is not sufficient add more water to obtain a final humidity of 30 -35%.
-Place the feed material in a plastic bag or container that will maintain a hermetic seal (no entrance of air). If possible use 200 L plastic container with removable top.
-Extract the air from the interior of the plastic bag or container. Keep away from light and leave to ferment for 7-10 days. Maintain container at temperature below 35oC.
-After the above period, the Bokashi should present an odor of fermenting liquor. At this moment the Bokashi is ready to be used. If the Bokashi does not have such odor it means it was contaminated and must be discarded.
-Supply daily Bokashi to animals.
•    Week 1: use Bokashi at 1% of the total daily ration.
•    Week 2: use Bokashi at 2% of the total daily ration.
•    Week 3 and beyond: use Bokashi at 3% of the total daily ration.

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Management of Organic Waste

Residues from harvest or from industrial transformation process (oils, flour, skins, fruits, leaves, branches, etc.) can be transformed into fertile compost called Bokashi in a period of 2 to 3 weeks.  The word “Bokashi” is of Japanese origin and means fermented organic matter.

Mode of Use and Consideration

•    Dilute 1L of activated EM•1 in 18L of water.
•    If it’s possible, add to the mixture calcium carbonate in a rate of 10kg per m3 or ton to help in retaining nitrogen.
•    Bovine, caprice, aves and swine manure can be aggregated up to 40% of the total residue mix.
•    It is best that the organic residues are in small portions to enable the acceleration of the fermentation process.
•    In cases of composting dead animals and discarded eggs, it is recommended to cut the material in pieces and place saw dust and other fibrous material up to 60% of the composting material to help in reducing the humidity.
•    Form beds of 1.5m high x 3m wide to facilitate the management of materials.
•    For a better fermentation, maintain humidity at 40% and if possible cover material with a plastic covering (40% humidity is optimal when material can be squeezed by hand and water does not drip through the fingers).
•    Check temperature: when temperature reaches 60o C the materials should be mixed to reduce the temperature (temperature above 60o C will cause bacteria responsible for decomposition to slowly become inactivated).
•    Depending on the size and type of material used, the compost should be ready to use within 6 to 8 weeks (Bokashi).
•    If this compost is to be commercialized or stored, it should be dried up to a maximum humidity of 13%.

Benefits

•    Increase the fermentation process of organic residues between 6 to 8 weeks.
•    Increase the availability of nutrients present in the organic residues (principally, nitrogen and phosphorus).
•    Accelerate the conversion of organic matter into humus.
•    Enrich organic material with beneficial micro-organisms.
•    Reduce cost of transportation of residues destined for the field due to decrease in its volume after composting.
•    This decomposition process is odorless hence eliminating the presence of insects (e.g. house flies).
•    Optimize the physical space necessary for the elaboration of organic compost and consequently reduce the use of machines and the cost of infrastructure necessary.

EM•1 can be used to convert rapidly without undesirable odor organic residues (e.g. dead chickens, undesirable eggs, excrete, etc.) into excellent compost.

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Installations cleaning and odor control

For the process of sanitization and control of bad odor, EM•1 can be diluted in water storage tanks for spraying or nebulization of the installations.  In cases where an automated system does not exist, applications can be made directly to the floor using a knap sack sprayer.

Mode of Use and Considerations

•    If used in tanks or for nebulization, use 1L of activated EM•1 for every 50L of water.  Use the water daily in routine farm activities.
•    If used in direct spraying, use 1L of activated EM™ in 19L of water for every 300 m2 of installation.  Spray the installation and there surrounds daily for two consecutive weeks. Once the odor disappears, spray three times per week until the final reproductive cycle.  If the odor returns, re-apply daily for another week.

The objective of daily spraying is to establish the population of effective micro-organisms in the manure and water film on the floor thereby restricting the proliferation of micro-organisms that causes rot of organic matter hence increasing undesirable odor and diseases.

Benefits

•    Significantly reduce undesirable odor within the installations.
•    Reduce the presence of flies and other insects.
•    Improve sanitary health within the general installation of the birds.
•    Help to obtain quality organic residues that can be used as compost.
•    Use of activated EM™ reduces the overall cost of operations.
•    Reduction in the use of agro-chemicals and antibiotics.
•    Improve relationship with neighboring producers.

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"EM•1® is 100% natural, non-toxic, non-corrosive, non-radioactive, non-volatile, non inflammable and doesn’t need a quarantine period."

"An ideal agricultural system when the human health is improved and maintained, benefits the producers and consumers economically and spiritually, protect the environment and produce sufficient food for the growing world population." Dr. Teruo Higa

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