Piggery

Beneficial micro-organisms, other than contributing to the production of good wine and cheese, are also invaluable help in your swine production activities.


EM Technology™ is economically viable, safe and easy to use. It produces quality products, reduce odors and cost while increasing the productivity of the animals.  The following informs of the benefits of EM Technology™.

Use in Feed and Water

Cleaning of Installation and Control of Bad Odor

Management of Organic Waste

Effluent Treatment

 

Use in Feed and Water

The use of EM•1 in water given to the pigs is the easiest way of applying this technology. When tanks or reservoirs are used to store water, EM•1 can simply be diluted within.

It is important to mention that EM•1 is not compatible with chlorine and silver sulphate that is generally used in the purification of water. In cases where the water has been previously treated with such chemicals, EM•1 will not be effective as the beneficial microorganisms will be eliminated from the product.
Mode of Use and Considerations
•    1L of activated EM for every 1,000L of water.
•    Dilute activated EM•1 in tank and maintain such dilution manually or with a dosificator.
•    Apply daily application of activated EM•1 during the productive cycle.

By means of spraying or fermentation of the different feed components offered to the pigs, it is possible to make available the nutrients from the feed and hence more efficient use of such by the pigs. Offering a daily to the pigs a portion of the fermented feed in the ration will better substantially the productive indices of the pig farm.

EM•1 can be used in two ways for feeding; one, by direct fermentation of a feed component (Bokashi) or two, by direct spraying over the concentrate or ration.

•    Supplemental feed:

1.    Direct aspersion:
a.    1 L of activated EM•1 in 100L of clean non-chlorinated water.
b.    Spray the solution over ration or concentrate during the full productive cycle.

2.    Consumable anaerobic Bokashi:
a.    For the fermentation of feed (Bokashi), use 0.5L to 1L of activated EM•1 per 100kg of concentrate or whichever component that is being fed to the animals (e.g. rice meal, corn meal, soy bean meal, flour meal, etc.).  Once the Bokashi is made, use it daily at a dosage of 1% to 3% of the total feed being offered to the animal.

Methodology in making Anaerobic Bokashi:

1.    Distribute the selected material over a compact and clean surface (preferably over plastic sheeting or cement floor).
2.    Spray activated EM•1 over the feed material and mix well. If the waster used in spraying is not sufficient add more water to obtain a final humidity of 30 -35%.
3.    Place the feed material in a plastic bag or container that will maintain a hermetic seal (no entrance of air). If possible use 200 L plastic container with removable top.
4.    Extract the air from the interior of the plastic bag or container. Keep away from light and leave to ferment for 7-10 days. Maintain container at temperature below 35oC.
5.    After the above period, the Bokashi should present an odor of fermenting liquor. At this moment the Bokashi is ready to be used. If the Bokashi does not have such odor it means it was contaminated and must be discarded.
6.    Supply daily Bokashi to animals.
o    Week 1: use Bokashi at 1% of the total daily ration.
o    Week 2: use Bokashi at 2% of the total daily ration.
o    Week 3 and beyond: use Bokashi at 3% of the total daily ration.

Benefits
•    Eliminate the bad odor within the installations of the livestock.
•    Reduce the incidence of flies and other undesirable insect pests.
•    Significantly better the health of the animals.
•    Reduce the requirements of regular medication, antibiotics and disinfectants.
•    Reduce the stress factors of the animals thereby strengthening the immunological system against diseases.
•    Reduce the incidence of diarrhea.
•    When used with feed it improves the digestibility of the animals and consequently better the feed conversion rate and hence an improve growth rate and weight of the animals.
•    Reduce the production of methane gas in the intestine of the animals and hence improve the feeding habit of the animals.
•    Improve microbiologically the quality of the water by its enrichment with beneficial substances such as amino acids, vitamins and enzymes that better the digestibility and nutrient assimilation of the animals.
•    Reduce the mortality indices.

The best results have been obtained when EM•1 is used in an integrated manner of the processes described above. However it is possible to achieve the benefits of EM•1 and the positive results from such applications even if only one of the methods above is applied.

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Cleaning of Installation and Control of Bad Odor

For the process of sanitization and control of bad odor, EM•1 can be diluted in water storage tanks for spraying or nebulization of the installations.  In cases where an automated system does not exist, applications can be made directly to the floor using a knap sack sprayer.
Mode of Use and Considerations
•    If used in tanks or for nebulization, use 1L of activated EM•1 for every 50L of water.  Use the water daily in routine farm activities.
•    If used in direct spraying, use 1L of activated EM™ in 19L of water for every 300 m2 of installation.  Spray the installation and there surrounds daily for two consecutive weeks. Once the odor disappears, spray three times per week until the final reproductive cycle.  If the odor returns, re-apply daily for another week.

The objective of daily spraying is to establish the population of effective micro-organisms in the manure and water film on the floor thereby restricting the proliferation of micro-organisms that causes rot of organic matter hence increasing undesirable odor and diseases.
Benefits
•    Significantly reduce undesirable odor within the installations.
•    Reduce the presence of flies and other insects.
•    Improve sanitary health within the general installation of the birds.
•    Help to obtain quality organic residues that can be used as compost.
•    Use of activated EM reduces the overall cost of operations.
•    Reduction in the use of agro-chemicals and antibiotics.
•    Improve relationship with neighboring producers.

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Management of Organic Waste


EM•1 can be used to convert rapidly, without undesirable odor, all solid organic excrements. The process of composting with EM•1 takes between 4-6 weeks and is simple, cheap and without the liberation of foul odor; the final product being an organic compost of high quality that can be dried and package and commercialize.


Mode of Use and Consideration
•    Dilute 1L of activated EM•1 in 18L of water.
•    If it’s possible, add to the mixture calcium carbonate in a rate of 10kg per m3 or ton to help in retaining nitrogen.
•    Bovine, caprice, aves and swine manure can be aggregated up to 40% of the total residue mix
•    It is best that the organic residues are in small portions to enable the acceleration of the fermentation process.
•    In cases of composting with materials with excess humidity, it is recommended to cut the material in pieces and place saw dust and other fibrous material up to 60% of the composting material to help in reducing the humidity.
•    Form beds of 1.5m high x 3m wide to facilitate the management of materials.
•    For a better fermentation, maintain humidity at 40% and if possible cover material with a plastic covering (40% humidity is optimal when material can be squeezed by hand and water does not drip through the fingers).
•    Check temperature: when temperature reaches 60o C the materials should be mixed to reduce the temperature (temperature above 60o C will cause bacteria responsible for decomposition to slowly become inactivated).
•    Depending on the size and type of material used, the compost should be ready to use within 6 to 8 weeks (Bokashi).
•    If this compost is to be commercialized or stored, it should be dried up to a maximum humidity of 13%.
•    Application doses in the filed are at 1kg per m3.

Benefits
•    Increase the fermentation process of organic residues between 6 to 8 weeks.
•    Increase the availability of nutrients present in the organic residues (principally, nitrogen and phosphorus).
•    Accelerate the conversion of organic matter into humus.
•    Enrich organic material with beneficial micro-organisms.
•    Reduce cost of transportation of residues destined for the field due to decrease in its volume after composting.
•    This decomposition process is odorless hence eliminating the presence of insects (e.g. house flies).
•    Optimize the physical space necessary for the elaboration of organic compost and consequently reduce the use of machines and the cost of infrastructure necessary.

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Effluent Treatment


One of the best tools for the natural treatment of effluence is the use of EM•1.  The use of EM•1 reduces the need to construct expensive installations and the high maintenance costs in treating effluence.  It also reduces labor stress and re-establishes good relations with neighbors as they will not be inhaling noxious gasses that are detrimental to their health.  


Mode of Use and Considerations
Lagoons and sediment tanks (aerated or non-aerated), use the following application:
•    Month 1:  3 applications weekly of the recommended dosage according to the BOD of the system.
•    If, at finishing the treatment there is no significant result, repeat the dosage for another month.
•    Weekly maintenance of the system by application of 1L of activated EM•1 for every 1,000L of effluent.

Benefits
•    Efficient reduction of bad or noxious odor within the system (ammonia, sulphuric and methanogenic gases.
•    Rapid digestion of organic matter and consequently reduction of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD).
•    Efficient reduction in the concentration of coliforms, e.coli and other water-borne bacteria.
•    Eliminate the construction of expensive treatment systems and high maintenance of treatment effluence.
•    Increase the production of purified methane gas within bio-digesters.

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Welcome to the official portal of EM Technology™ in Latin America.

"An ideal agricultural system when the human health is improved and maintained, benefits the producers and consumers economically and spiritually, protect the environment and produce sufficient food for the growing world population." Dr. Teruo Higa

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